词汇题是阅读各题型中出题频率较高的题目，平均每篇文章3-5道。常见的形式为：The word XX in the passage/ paragraph.. is closest in meaning to 该题型主要考察考生的词汇量，题目难点在于考察的词汇量较大，并且有时会考常用词汇的生僻用法。因此建议考生，在记忆托福词汇时，最好记住两种以上的不同词义。很多考生深感词汇题可用的解题技巧很少。事实上，在不知道目标词的含义时，可以通过上下文推断词义。有时，原文中会给出目标词的释义。甚至在某些情况下，原文中会给出目标词的同义词。要发现这些信息，需要考生格外细心。下面我们来看三道词汇题的样题，大家可以试做一下，明天会给出答案及详细解析。
1. The transition from forest to treeless tundra on a mountain slope is often a dramatic one. Within a vertical distance of just a few tens of meters, trees disappear as a life-form and are replaced by low shrubs, herbs, and grasses.
The word “dramatic” in the passage is closest in meaning to
2. At the upper timberline the trees begin to become twisted and deformed. This is particularly true for trees in the middle and upper latitudes, which tend to attain greater heights on ridges, whereas in the tropics the trees reach their greater heights in the valleys.
The word “attain” in the passage is closest in meaning to
3. As the snow is deeper and lasts longer in the valleys, trees tend to attain greater heights on the ridges, even though they are more exposed to high-velocity winds and poor, thin soils there.
The word “they” in the passage refers to