语法

SAT学院语法

SAT改革后语法核心考点分析和策略

SAT考试改革后,考生务必要进行仔细分析和研究。藤门SAT学院为大家带来SAT改革后语法核心考点分析和策略,希望对大家SAT备考有所帮助。

  自从SAT改革以后,写作部分被分拆:essay单列,语法部分更名为Writing and Language Test。此外,语法测试将融入阅读文章考察。也就是说,目前SAT语法的句子挑错,句子改进和文章改进题三种题型,将合并为文章改进题一种题型。官方原文如下:
  Students can demonstrate college and career readiness proficiency in revising and editing a range of texts in a variety of content areas, both academic and career related, for expression of ideas and for conformity to the conventions of standard written English grammar, usage, and punctuation。
  详细说来,改革后的SAT语法考察四个方面:
  1.词语的正确使用
  动词(单复数,时态,语态,语气),代词(人称,指代不清,所有格),名词(一致),介词(固定搭配)易混词,比较结构。
  2.句子结构修改
  句子连接,句子残缺,主从句,平行结构,修饰语位置错误
  3.文意表达(expression of ideas)
  ①行文:提出论点,论据支持,主题相关度和数据信息(proposition,support,focus,quantitative information)
  ②结构:句子先后顺序,导入,结尾和衔接。(Logical sequence, Introductions,
  conclusions, and transitions)
  ③有效性:
  准确:用词的准确和恰当
  简洁:用词的不赘余(避免wordiness和redundancy)
  新增考点:
  根据文章需要,保持风格,语调和修辞的合适(style,tone and syntax)
  4.标点符号(punctuation)
  句末标点(End-of-sentence punctuation);
  句中标点(Within-sentence punctuation);
  新增考点:
  所有格名词和代词(Possessive nouns and pronouns);
  词间标点(Items in a series);
  非限制和附加成分(Nonrestrictive and parenthetical elements);
  不必要标点(Unnecessary punctuation)
  针对这些变化,我们需要注意如下三个问题:
  第一、语法答题时间大大缩短,对阅读速度要求大大提高:
  1、改革前,49题35min:25min+10min
  25min的Section :
  挑错题:9min (18题)
  句子改进题:7min(11题)
  涂卡:2min
  文章改进题:7min(6题+1篇文章)
  2、改革后,44题35min:4篇文章
  涂卡:3min
  文章改进题:8min(11题+1篇文章)
  从7min/6题,到8min/11题,多了1分钟,却加了5道题,阅读速度要求骤然提升!
  而且,语法55%(24题)是语义表达题,45%(20题)是语法题,需要理解上下文的题目因此大大增多了。这对于我们来说,不得不说是一个巨大的挑战。
  第二、语法答题对于词汇量和阅读面的考察大大增加。以前的语法题大多是一个或两个句子,阅读量很小,甚至不需要读懂全句,也可以通过技巧予以解决。
  改革后,官方文件里给出了如下一段话,宣称要让考生理解完数个句子、段落,甚至是整篇文章,才可以答出问题:
  In accord with best practices, the test requires students to answer questions based on extended-prose contexts rather than in isolation or in limited (e.g., single-sentence) contexts. Although some questions are answerable by referring to a single phrase, clause, or sentence, many others leverage the extended context the test’s format makes available and require students to have an understanding of multiple sentences, one or more paragraphs, or the passage as a whole。
  本次官方公布的样题1里的最后一题,就是最好例证:
  During his career, Kingman exhibited his work internationally. He garnered much acclaim. In 1936, a critic described one of Kingman’s solo exhibits as “twenty of the freshest, most satisfying watercolors that have been seen hereabouts in many a day。” Since Kingman’s death in 2000, museums across the United States and in China have continued to ensure that his now-iconic landscapes remain available for the public to enjoy。
  7. Which choice most effectively combines the sentences at the underlined portion?
  A) internationally, and Kingman also garnered
  B) internationally; from exhibiting, he garnered
  C) internationally but garnered
  D) internationally, garnering
  本题答案选D。garner意为获得,对于选出答案极为重要。因为选项里有表示转折的but,还有顺承关系的and。
  因此,要加大阅读各种题材的文章,官方提到的科学,历史,社科,人文,职场类的文章都要特别了解,还要老老实实背好核心词汇。语法题不懂句意也可以做的时代过去了。
  注意:图表题尤其难,需要首先读懂图表和文意,最后才能选出词义和语法均正确的选项,其实很类似一道单句写作题。详情请见官方样题2最后一题。考试中建议最后考虑或者蒙,毕竟SAT不倒扣分了,这是一个利好消息。
  第三、加强对新兴热门考点的理解和复习。
  1.标点的考察极其细致:
  除了按功能将标点分为六类,官方还列出了所有必考考点:除了常出现的逗号,句号和分号,还有不常考的冒号,破折号,括号。此外,附加成分常用的插入语双逗号和双括号,加大了对主要信息和次要信息的区分。
  官方公布的样题中,一共13题,标点就涉及了3题,考察了“句末标点”的句号,“作为解释说明”的冒号和“不需使用”的插入语。
  2. 连接词的题量和范围加大:
  SAT语法目前只有一篇文章,连接词考察一般在1-2题;现在一共四篇,很可能考察4-6题。因此,连接词的考察范围、难度、灵活度均会加大,包括words, phrases, or sentences。官方公布的13道样题里,连接词涉及了2题。
  3. 词语的赘余和辨析题大大增多:
  官方强调 expression of ideas,明确考察词义辨析,不仅是形近易混词(如allusion和illusion),而且是意义易混词。这样一来,词语的辨析难度加大,等于是新型词汇题。官方公布的样题中,考察了对于“离开、放弃”这一词义的词语选择,原题如下:
  As Kingman developed as a painter, his works were often compared to paintings by Chinese landscape artists dating back to CE 960, a time when a strong tradition of landscape painting emerged in Chinese art. Kingman, however, vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focus not on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but on cities
  4.
  A) NO CHANGE
  B) evacuated
  C) departed
  D) retired



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